Born 20 December 1895 in Seaforth, Liverpool, enlisted Cardiff. Baptised 31 March 1896 in Liverpool. Son of Mrs. Marguerite Jane Bruce, of "Escrick", 25 Axminster Rd, Penylan, Cardiff, and the late Capt. Thomas Bruce. In 1901 he lived at Gladstone Road, Seaforth, West Derby. In 1902 attended Marlborough Road Primary School (boys), Cardiff, and lived in Claude Road, Cardiff. In 1911, his mother (is married not widowed), two sisters and a brother live in Marlborough Road, Cardiff.