||The cemetery was begun in June, 1916, a few days before the Battles of the Somme, and it was used by fighting units and Field Ambulances until the German retirement in February, 1917. It then remained unused until the German advance in the spring of 1918. On the night of the 26th-27th March, the enemy entered Aveluy Wood; and by the 5th April it was mostly in his hands, in spite of the stubborn defence of the 12th (Eastern), 47th (London) and 63rd (Royal Naval) Divisions. It was attacked in vain by several Divisions before it was finally cleared at the end of August; and in September the V Corps Burial Officer added to the cemetery Row H of Plot I, with its graves of April-September, 1918. After the Armistice, Plots II and III were added, by concentrating isolated graves from Aveluy Wood itself; and in 1923 Rows I to M of Plot I were added by concentrations from a wider area. There are now nearly 400, 1914-18 war casualties commemorated in this site. Of these, almost half are unidentified and special memorials are erected to 20 sailors, soldiers and Marines known to be buried among them. The cemetery covers an area of 1,896 square metres and is enclosed by a red brick wall.