In Memory of

Richard Henry Hogan

Second Engineer
55437
S.S. Grelhead (London), Merchant Navy
who died on
2nd December 1941. Aged 58.

Additional Information:

Born 16 December 1882 in Singapore. Husband of Martha Hogan, of Cardiff. Married 29 March 1913 in St Margaret's, Roath. In 1939 they lived in Waterloo Road. Died at sea when the cargo ship SS Grelhead was torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea by U-562 with the loss of 41 of her 43 crew on 2 Dec 1941. His son Russell Hogan also died in World War 2 and is commemorated on the Memorial in St Edward's.

Documents and Photograph


Commemorative Information

Memorial: TOWER HILL MEMORIAL, London, United Kingdom.
Panel Number: Panel 53.
Historical Information: The Tower Hill Memorial commemorates men of the Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleets who died in both world wars and who have no known grave. It stands on the south side of the garden of Trinity Square, London, close to the Tower of London. In the First World War, the civilian navy's duty was to be the supply service of the Royal Navy, to transport troops and supplies to the armies, to transport raw materials to overseas munitions factories and munitions from those factories, to maintain, on a reduced scale, the ordinary import and export trade, to supply food to the home country and - in spite of greatly enlarged risks and responsibilities - to provide both personnel and ships to supplement the existing resources of the Royal Navy. Losses of men and vessels were high from the outset, but had peaked in 1917 when in January the German government announced the adoption of "unrestricted submarine warfare". The subsequent preventative measures introduced by the Ministry of Shipping - including the setting up of the convoy system where warships were used to escort merchant vessels - led to a decrease in losses but by the end of the war, 3,305 merchant ships had been lost with a total of 17,000 lives. In the Second World War, losses were again considerable in the early years, reaching a peak in 1942. The heaviest losses were suffered in the Atlantic, but convoys making their way to Russia around the North Cape, and those supplying Malta in the Mediterranean were also particularly vulnerable to attack. In all, 4,786 merchant ships were lost during the war with a total of 32,000 lives. More than one quarter of this total were lost in home waters. The First World War section of the Tower Hill Memorial commemorates almost 12, 000 seamen who have no grave but the sea. The memorial was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens with sculpture by Sir William Reid-Dick. The Second World War extension, designed by Sir Edward Maufe, with sculpture by Charles Wheeler, bears almost 24,000 names.